Furthermore, given the health care system decimated in the conflict, many of these survivors do not have access to adequate medical care, rehabilitation services, or assistive devices. In addition to the physical and psychological burden on the survivors themselves, in the absence of functioning social welfare system, providing assistance in every step of daily life places an enormous burden on the family members as well, not to mention the significant economic impact in case of severe injuries and impairments of main breadwinners of the household.
Based on these findings, AAR Japan proposes the following to aid organizations working in Syria and donor countries, corporations, and individuals that provide indirect support to humanitarian aid in Syria.
1. Include provision of rehabilitation services and assistive devices in the intervention in consideration of the conflict survivors;
2. Help build local capacities, local organizations and volunteers working in Syria, to be able to provide rehabilitation and trauma response through training and financial support;
3. Enhance food security and livelihood support to those who lost jobs due to injuries and impairments;
4. Improve referral mechanisms across sectors in order to provide comprehensive support to the injured who are particularly vulnerable;
5. Conduct awareness raising activities to reduce stigma and combat the loss of dignity particularly by the injured;
6. Adapt the contents of risk education to reflect the context of the ongoing Syrian conflict to maximize the effect.