People Going Without Water in Severe Heat
|AAR Japan's Naoki UMEDA (right) listening to details from a local aid group (Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. February 4th, 2014.)|
Since December 15th last year, the number of South Sudanese who have arrived in Kakuma has already reached 14,000 <UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), 2014/2/5> . Many have endured a long journey, only to arrive and find they will likely receive below 10 liters of water on average per day, per person. In contrast, a single Japanese person uses around 300 liters per day (according to figures from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism), making the daily available amount in Kakuma only 1/30 to that of Japan. It is this small amount that must be used for everything from drinking water, to cooking and washing.
|In the tent areas for refugees, there is only one 5,000 liter or 10,000 liter water tank installed per 1,000 people (Kakuma, Kenya, February 9th, 2014.)|
In response to the newest influx of refugees, a new living quarter was built within the camp. This sector was separated into 13 blocks, allowing 1,000 people to live in each district. Each block was to get its own 10,000 liter or 5,000 liter water tank, but only 10 have thus far received them. Three areas still remain without a tank.
Water Shortage Sparking a New Conflict
|Daijo TSUCHIKAWA (left) listening to the stories of various refugees. All are emphasizing the water shortage (Kakuma, Kenya, February 6th, 2014.)|
In addition, each tank possesses only two faucets, leading to long daily queues for water. There are people who wait for three hours and obtain almost next to nothing. Consequently, there have been quarrels between those of different ethnicities and nationalities, with the water shortage developing into a reason for greater conflict between the various peoples.
AAR has taken this situation on board, and aims to give maximum priority to assist in the installing of water tanks and the arrangements for water tank trucks. Preparations are currently under way. Amidst all this, a new necessity inside the camp has also become evident - that of education. AAR also intends to partake in providing support in this area.
|Only 2 faucets for each tank. People carry 20 liter plastic tanks, waiting their turn. (Kakuma, Kenya, February 9th, 2014.)|
|Long lines for those waiting for water. Some wait 3 hours and receive nothing (Kakuma, Kenya, February 4th, 2014.)|
|People waiting in line for rations from the WFP (World Food Programme), supplied once every 2 weeks (Kakuma, Kenya, February 5th, 2014.)|
|Young people boiling and eating supplied sorghum, a type of grain. A lack of water even for cooking (Kakuma, Kenya, February 5th, 2014.)|
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